× ×

Who We Are

× ×

About EA

× ×


× ×



Climate Adaptation Guide for DoD Cultural Resources

Reprinted with minimal edits with permission from the DoD Cultural Resources Update Summer 2023

Climate change poses great challenges for cultural resources, such as historic buildings and archaeological sites. Cultural resources are vulnerable to climate impacts including fire; inundation, deterioration, and destruction from sea-level rise; and storm-related flooding and erosion. EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc. developed a Climate Adaptation Guide for the diverse cultural resources located on military installations within the United States with funding provided by the Department of Defense (DoD) Legacy Resource Management Program (Legacy Program). The goal of the document is to provide guidance on identifying appropriate adaptation strategies and integrating these strategies into DoD installation Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plans. These recommendations can also be useful for other organizations managing cultural resources impacted by climate change, not just DoD.

A brush fire from a lightning strike reddens the evening sky behind an F-15SG at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.

Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, Aug. 15, 2011. Source: U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Gina Chiaverotti-Paige (The appearance of DoD visual information does not imply or constitute DoD endorsement.)


In this growing climate crisis, A Guide to Incorporating Climate Considerations into Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plans (Legacy Project CR-20-002) has recommendations for DoD cultural resources managers that are twofold.

First, using historic buildings is encouraged to reduce carbon emissions. Approximately 38% of global greenhouse gases are produced by the construction and operation of buildings. In the same way people recycle aluminum cans, newsprint, and bottles, they can reuse existing buildings whenever possible. The environmental value of reusing historic buildings is far better for the planet than demolition and new construction. As the saying goes, “The greenest building is the one that is already built.”

Second, due to the threats of climate change, installations should prepare for worsening climate impacts and take steps to make climate resilience a priority. Over the next century, sea-level rise may endanger coastal military installations around the Nation. Mission-necessary infrastructure could be damaged by flooding, severe storms, and fire. Historic resources must also be prepared for these worsening climate impacts.

A helicopter drops flame retardant onto a forest fire. Source: U.S. Department of Defense (The appearance of DoD visual information does not imply or constitute DoD endorsement.)

A helicopter drops flame retardant onto a forest fire. Source: U.S. Department of Defense (The appearance of DoD visual information does not imply or constitute DoD endorsement.)


Climate change is no longer a distant threat. Its impacts are already occurring, with serious and growing risks to the installations necessary to support the military mission. DoD Directive 4715.21, Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience (2016), requires that all operations, planning activities, business processes, and resource allocation decisions include climate change considerations. The built infrastructure required to support the military mission on DoD installations is extensive, and many of these facilities are historic. DoD’s Cultural Resources Programs are designed to support the military’s combat readiness mission while maintaining the long-term sustainability of its historic properties. Therefore, cultural resource management needs to adapt to the broad range of climate-related changes to protect historic properties.

The DoD Legacy Program funded this project to develop guidance on strategies and procedures for managing and protecting cultural resources from impacts associated with climatic changes. 1 The guidance document presents one methodology for considering potential ways to improve resiliency for cultural resources and integrating climate change risks into cultural resources management. Information in the guidance document is presented in two parts.

Cover of Climate Adaptation Guide for Cultural ResourcesPart I includes:

  • an overview of climate risks to military installations and missions
  • climate change and cultural resources management requirements
  • an introduction on climate change and adaptation
  • sources of adaptation-related information
  • a summary of climate and adaptation considerations for individual Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan (ICRMP) program elements

This guide also presents potential options for integrating these climate adaptation strategies into the ICRMP.

Part II offers a step-by-step method for carrying out the climate adaptation planning process and integrating the outcomes into the ICRMP. The appendices in this guidance document provide additional sources of adaptation-related information and a set of detailed worksheets that support installation-level climate adaptation planning and ICRMP integration.
The guide and its fact sheet are available at:

Legacy CR-20-002, Climate Adaptation Guide for Cultural Resources, Guide
Legacy CR-20-002 Fact Sheet

For more information, contact:
Jayne Aaron
p: 303-590-9147

1 (Disclaimer: Any findings or recommendations of this report are those of the principal investigator and contributors. This guidance document does not represent official policy, position, or opinions of the Department of Defense. This report should not be construed as official DoD policy or position unless so designated through other issuances.)


Contact Us

EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc., PBC headquarters


Office Locations

View Map



745 W 4th Avenue
Suite 425
Anchorage, AK 99501
Mike Jones P: 907-334-3909 Email Mike


3544 International Way
Fairbanks, AK 99701
Travis Hines P: 907-646-0210 Email Travis



700 Research Center Blvd
Suite 2221
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Matthew Frigon, PhD P: 479-575-2136 Email Matthew



555 University Avenue
Suite 182
Sacramento, CA 95825
Sheena Styger P: 916-604-4365 Email Sheena



7995 E Prentice Ave.
Suite 206E
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Nathan Jones P: 303 590-9140 Email Nathan



131 Continental Drive
Suite 203
Newark, DE 19713
Kathy Fox P: 302-467-3025 Email Kathy


Warner Robins

108 Byrd Way
Suite 600
Warner Robins, GA 31088-9199
Tommy Bruhn P: 478-308-7375 Email Tommy


1001 Army Drive
Suite 103
Barrigada, GU 96913-1402
Billy Janasak P: 671-646-5231 Email Billy



615 Piikoi Street
Suite 515
Honolulu, HI 96814
Chip Brown P: 808-589-1455 Email Chip



444 Lake Cook Road
Suite 18
Deerfield, IL 60015
Joe Vondruska P: 847-945-8010 Email Joe


Corporate Headquarters

225 Schilling Circle
Suite 400
Hunt Valley, MD 21031
Ian MacFarlane P: 410-584-7000 Email Ian

Ecotoxicology & Biology Labs

231 Schilling Circle
Hunt Valley, MD 21031
Michael Chanov P: 410-584-7000 Email Michael


1311 Continental Drive
Suite K
Abingdon, MD 21009
Scott Dobson P: 410-671-6051 Email Scott

Ocean Pines

11200 Racetrack Road
Unit A101
Ocean Pines, MD 21811
Darl Kolar P: 410-641-5341 Email Darl



10321 E. Grand River Ave.,
Suite 600,
Brighton, MI 48116
Arthur Peitsch P: 810-206-3042 Email Arthur



54 North Last Chance Gulch
Suite 14
Helena, MT 59601
Catherine LeCours P: 406-936-0022 Email Catherine



221 Sun Valley Blvd
Suite D
Lincoln, NE 68528
Dale Schlautman P: 402-476-3766 Email Dale


7836 Wakeley Plaza
Omaha, NE 68114
Craig Johnson P: 402-817-7664 Email Craig

New Mexico


320 Gold Avenue, SW
Suite 1300
Albuquerque, NM 87102
Jay Snyder P: 505-224-9013 Email Jay

New York


P.O. Box 144
25 Western Avenue, 2nd Floor
Marlboro, NY 12542
Melanie Dina P: 845-565-8100 Email Melanie


82-B Creamery Road
Oswego, NY 13126
Sarah Nelson P: 315-342-1419 Email Sarah


Washington Station
333 West Washington Street, Suite 300
Syracuse, New York 13202
Bob Casey P: 315-431-4610 Email Bob

Rhode Island


301 Metro Center Blvd
Suite 102
Warwick, RI 02886-3440
Ron Mack P: 401-736-3440 Email Ron



405 State Highway 121 (Bypass)
Building C, Suite 100
Lewisville, TX 75067
Roger Place P: 972-315-3922 Email Roger


11550 Cypress N Houston Rd
Cypress, TX 77429
John Bonner P: 832-912-4038 Email John

San Antonio

13750 San Pedro Ave.
Suite B10
San Antonio, TX 78232
Brian O'Ferrall P: 210-546-2129 Email Brian


Virginia Beach

4429 Bonney Road
Suite 430
Virginia Beach, VA 23462
Chris Penny P: 757-693-6014 Email Chris



2200 6th Avenue
Suite 707
Seattle, WA 98121
Jen Martin Bouchard P: 401-287-0376 Email Jen

EA Satellite Residential locations (Contact 1-800-777-9750)

Dunedin, FL

Rick Hanoski

North Salem, IN

Matthew Bowman

Dover, NH

Amy Hunt

Spencerport, NY

Caryn Kiehl-Simpson

Lubbock, TX

Danny Leaks